Andrew II, King of Hungary

Andrew II, King of Hungary

Male 1176 - Abt 1235  (59 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Andrew II  
    •    
    Born 1176  [4
    Crowned 1198  [5
    Military say 1200 
    Crowned 1205  [4, 5
    History 1213  [6
    Andrew II made an abortive attempt to conquer Galicia. His crusades to the Holy Land likewise won little glory for the crown. His wife, the Meranian Gertrude, ran a lavish, wasteful household. Andrew II's rule triggered widespread unrest, and in 1213 Gertrude was assassinated by a high-level conspiracy. The king's inefficacy was further testified to by the fact that he was unable to punish the assassins. 
    Crowned 1214  [4
    History 1222  [6
    Andrew II's political opponents formed an alliance, forcing him to ratify the Golden Bull of 1222, named for the golden seal which hung from it. The document guaranteed rights to the servientes which had formerly only been enjoyed by the owners of great estates and also contained the famous "clause of resistance", whereby if the king failed to keep his word, the nobles were invested with the right to resist and oppose him without charge of disloyalty. The Golden Bull of 1222 for all purposes determined the principle of equality between nobles and occupied a central place in the thought of the Hungarian aristocracy for centuries. Although subsequently repealed, the clause of resistance initiated the long-term practice of throwing open the acts of the king to question. Because of the seminal role it played in the development of national constitutionality, the Golden Bull has frequently been likened to the Magna Charta of 1215, underscoring certain clear parallels in the constitutional development of Hungary and England. 
    The Proclamation of the Golden Bull by Mátyás Jantyik
    The Proclamation of the Golden Bull by Mátyás Jantyik
    The Golden Bull
    The Golden Bull
    Reign 1205-1235  [2
    Died Abt 7 Mar 1235  Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 5
    Person ID I8568  | Boudreau Line
    Last Modified 26 Jan 2020 

    Father Béla III, King of Hungary,   b. 1148,   d. 23 Apr 1196, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years) 
    Mother Agnes de Châtillon-sur-Loing,   b. 1153,   d. 1184, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 31 years) 
    Married Abt 1171 
    Family ID F6076  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Gertrude of Meran,   d. 8 Sep 1213, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Married Before 1203  [4, 5
    Children 
     1. Béla IV, King of Hungary,   b. 1206, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 May 1270, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)
     2. Saint Elizabeth of Hungary
    Last Modified 25 Jan 2020 
    Family ID F6074  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Yolande de Courtenay, Queen of Hungary and Galicia,   b. Abt 1194,   d. 1233  (Age ~ 39 years)  [2
    Married 1215  [4
    Children 
    +1. Yolande of Hungary,   b. 1213, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Oct 1251, Monastery of Santa Maria de Vallbona, Urgell, Catalonia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years)
    Last Modified 26 Jan 2020 
    Family ID F2535  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Beatrice von Este 
    Married 14 May 1234  [4
    Last Modified 17 Aug 2019 
    Family ID F6075  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Death: Stuart (2002) gives his death date as 21 September 1235. [4]

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - Abt 7 Mar 1235 - Hungary Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Statue of Andrew II Holding the Golden Bull
    Statue of Andrew II Holding the Golden Bull

  • Sources 
    1. [S2002] ------------- Secondary Sources -------------.

    2. [S59] Weis, Frederick Lewis. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 Fifth Edition, (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1982).

    3. [S2000] ------------- Sources Below not Reviewed -------------.

    4. [S60] Stuart, Roderick W. Royalty for Commoners, The Complete Known Lineage of John of Gaunt, Son of Edward III, King of England, and Queen Philippa Fourth Edition, (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2002).

    5. [S1454] von Redlich, D. R. Marcellus. "The Descent of Queen Philippa, Wife of King Edward III of England From the Royal Hungarian House of Arpád" , (Boston: The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, volume XCVI, April 1942).

    6. [S1471] Magyar Pavilon - Hero's Square , (Online www.idg.hu/expo/hosok_tere/ gero/AndrewII.html).



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