Father-Biological*Arnold I the Old ~ Comte de Flanders et Artois b. bt 885 - 890, d. 27 Mar 965
Mother-Biological*Adelaide de Vermandois b. c 915, d. 960
Family Lines
Roy Line

Boudreau Line
Last Edited=20 Oct 2023


  1. Stuart, Roderick W. Royalty for Commoners, The Complete Known Lineage of John of Gaunt, Son of Edward III, King of England, and Queen Philippa, Fourth Edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2002.