Places: There are many schools of thought on how you list locations. Names change, and I have chosen to list the modern name and locations so that my family can easily find it on a map, or even visit it. A person born in Alsace, is listed as France, regardless of who owned or claimed Alsace at that time. If there are significant name changes, I will list it as say Constantinople, (now Istanbul). In both the US and Canada, the state or province is listed as it is today. The following exemptions Highlight significant historical changes:

Canada: - What we know today as Canada, was originally New France, then parts of it were taken over by the British, until at the end of the French and Indian War (7-years War), all of what is now Canada became British. for Canadian places, I have adhered to the historical names. They can still be easily found on a map.
  • Acadia - This colony was originally part of New France and included what is now New Brunswick. In 1713, Acadia disappeared and became the Colony of Nova Scotia. At this time Port-Royal, was renamed Annapolis Royal. This colony included what is now New Brunswick, though the French still claimed it. In 1755 and in succeeding years, most of the French speaking population were deported. In 1763, with the treaty of Paris, these lands became Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, Canada. I have tried to name the locates as they were. One exception is cemeteries, which have their current location listed. In work

  • Prince Edward Island - This was part of Acadia technically, but almost always listed separately as Ille St. Jean. With the expulsion of the French speaking population (a small group hid in the forest and escaped decoration), it became St. John's Island, Colony of Nova Scotia. In 1767, it was renamed to Prince Edward Island..

  • Québec - Initially part of New France, in October 1763, it became part of British North America. In 1791, it was renamed Lower Canada, and remained so until 1841 when the Dominion of Canada was formed, and it reverted to Québec..

  • Ontario - Initially part of Québec. It also included parts of Michigan. Detroit changed hands several times until the end of the War of 1812. In 1791, Ontario was renamed Upper Canada remained so until 1841 when the Dominion of Canada was formed, and it reverted to Ontario .

France: - The places are listed as they are now. The Frankish Empire covered far more territory than current France. I have opted to use (now) allow for the current place name, but indicating it was then part of France.

Germany: - The places are listed as they are now. In a few cases, I have listed the country as France (now Germany) for clarety of the time period.

United States: - There have been a myriad of boundary changes, especially with counties. I have opted for the current names. The exceptions are below.
  • Michigan - See Ontario above.

  • Plymouth Colony - In 1691, Plymouth Colony merged with the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Events in the towns in Plymouth Colony before 1691, are listed as Plymouth Colony, rather than Massachusetts.

  • New Netherlands - Events that occurred in what is now New York State, before 1674, are listed as New Netherlands.

Family Lines: The family line of direct ancestors and offspring as listed on the record. Blue for Rob's side, and Red for Jody's side

Discrepancies: Often times there are discrepancies in dates or locations. I have tried to choose the one that I think is more valid, but at the bottom of the page, you will see a section called "Compiler's Notes" that describes the conflicts, and the reason for my choices.